Saturday, October 7, 2017


                     The Golden temple ( Dambulla  Cave Temple) of dambulla is the largest well preserved and sacred cave temple site in Sri lanka. The site location in the central port of the Sri lanka at distance of 142Km from the Eastern port of Colombo. 72Km from North of kandy. It is believed that when King Vatta Gamini was fleeing from his enemies in the 1st Century BC, he was sheltered by ascetic monks who lived in these caves. The caves further, enlarged by King Nissankamall in the12th century with five temples built in to them. The Dambulla cave temple has 153 Buddha statues, 4 statues of Other gods including the Hindu Gods, Vishnu and Ganesh and 3 statues of the Kings who ruled Sri Lanka in the ancient times. The 5 important caves of the temple have been transformed in to shrine rooms, Consisting of Buddha statues, Mural paintings and statues of hindu details and Sri Lankan Kings. The Golden Buddha statue is of particular significance rising to a height of 100ft. The work towards the construction of the Golden Buddha statue on March 6, 1998 and installed after three years on Vesak full moon day that fell on may 6,2001 amidst rituals performed by the religious priests.

Sunday, August 13, 2017


                           Galle is the main town of Galle District in Southern Province in Sri Lanka. The Galle Dutch Fort is located in Galle town. It  is the largest Dutch Fort in Sri Lanka. Galle Fort was built first in 1588 by the Porthuguese and then expansively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th Century form 1648 on wards. It has area of 52ha. inside the walls defended by 14 bastions. The northern fortified gate, protected by a drawbridge and a diteh, bear the date 1669. During the 18th century, protected by sea wall finished in 1729, the city reached full development. The fort of Galle was handed over to the English only on 23rd February 1796, one week after the surrender of Colombo. Dutches made a gate put in between the moon bastion and the sun bastion, a lighthouse installed on the untrcht bastion, and a tower erected for the jublilee of Queen Victoria in 1883.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015


             Karl Frich (1886-1982) was an Austrian zoologist who studied how bees communicate with other. In 1973 he received a Nobel Prize for his work on animal behavior.
             The sent from a flower that has produced nectar through the air. It may stimulate the receptor cell of a honey bee and the insect flies towards it. As it get closer, the bee uses its eyes to find the flower, its eyes are sensitive to ultraviolet light. This make some of the pale markings we see in normal light stand out more distinctly to help the bee identify the flower. Some of the markings are lines running down the inside of petal. They are called honey guides and direct the bee towards the nectar.

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Rabindranath Tagore

                Rabindranath Tagore is the greatest writer of modern indian literture, bengali poet, novelist, educator, and an early advocate of independence for India . Tagore wan the Nobel prize for literature in 1913. Two years later he dered it in 1919 as a protest against the massacre of Amritsar, where British troops killed some 400 Indian demonstrators.
   Tagore's influence over Gandhi and the founders of modern indian was enormous, but his reputation in West as a mystic has perhaps misled his Western readers to ignore his role as a reformer and critic of colonialism.
                                        Rabindranath Tagore was born in kolkota into a wealthy and prominent family. His father was Maharishi Debendranath Tagore, a religious reformer and scholar.

Tuesday, July 29, 2014


                           The simplest respiratory is surface, is the body covering. You may have noticed that some animals are small and shaped in a way that allow the body surface of the animal to be the gas exchange surface. However, as animals, as animals become bigger and complex their body surface to volume ratio gets decreased. Therefore, gaseous exchange through their body surface by simple diffusion become inefficient. Thus, s

Thursday, January 30, 2014


What is a culture?
                             Is it characterized by art or literature? Does it include actions, feelings, or thoughts? Is it ideas, objectives, or ways? What about beliefs or values, or customs or tradition? Is it something as simple as a field of activity or as complex as a never ending experiment? Culture is all of these. In everyday conversation, the word culture might refer to such fields as literature, art, or music; yet scientists who study culture see it as something more complex, a way of life as well as acting, feelings, and thinking. And even within these ‘definitions’ of culture there are different views on what exactly culture is. Western Culture began in Ancient Greece. There and in the Roman civilization it developed until the start of the Middle Ages when it largely vanished from Europe. During the Middle Ages, Western Culture resided, instead, in the Arab / Persian world to a modest degree.

Sunday, August 18, 2013


                      The practice of medicine is based on diagnosis and treatment. A hundred years ago, the physician felt the pulse and came to various conclusions about illnesses.
             He had only a few instruments to diagnose a disease. Within the last hundred years, medical technology developed. Now the physician has sophisticated medical instruments to diagnose diseases.
              X ray machine that was invented in 1895, came into regular use.

            Medical technology continues to develop very rapidly. Today the changes of the body can be observed and measured.      These findings are the key to diagnosing diseases and deciding treatment.
                   The E.C.G machine was invented during the last century. It is used to find how the heart works. The damage caused by a heart attack can be measured on this machine.
                Modern technology is able to support failing organs. Ventilators are used to maintain oxygen levels to assist breathing.
           Sir Alexander Fleming, whose discovery of penicillin led to the discovery of many other antibiotics. The antibiotics help in treating a large range of bacterial infections. 
                                  Modern technology has helped immensely to develop surgery. Now lasers are used in surgery. Kidney stones and gall bladder stones are removed through laser surgery. Laser treatments are used for treating eye diseases too.
      Medical science and technology has developed so much that surgeons transplant organs from one body to another. Kidney transplantation was first attempted in 1902. Today it is a well established operation. Heart transplantation was first performed in South Africa, in 1967. It was done by the surgeon, Christian Barnard.
                                          Immunization programmers are carried out to give protection to children. This has greatly decreased previously common diseases. 

Thursday, July 25, 2013


                        The encyclopaedia has developed from the dictionary in the 18th century. A dictionary is mainly on worlds and their definitions. It provides limited information, for the word defined. Sometimes the definition given in the dictionary may not give enough understanding of the word to the reader. He may not understand the meaning, or significance of the word. He may not understand the broad meaning.
                An encyclopaedia is a complete summary of information. This information can be on all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge.
               An encyclopaedia on the other hand gives a full account on the subject. It gives the most relevant knowledge gathered on that subject. It often includes maps, illustrations, charts. as well as statistics to show relationships.
             The word "encyclopaedia" comes from the classical Greek word meaning, " a general education" The idea of producing an encyclopaedia is very old. The term was first used in 1541.

Sunday, June 2, 2013


Mother Theresa was internationally respected for her work to relieve the sufferings of the poor, the sick and drying. She began her work of desperately poor of India by bringing persons from the streets into a home, where they could die in peace dignity. She also established an orphanage. Through her untiring efforts she succeeded in forming a congregation of sisters whose work has now spread to five continents.
                                          Mother Theresa was born in Skipje, Albania, on August 27, 19910, and was named Agnes Gonxha Bejaxhini. She left her home at the age of 18 to join the Institute of Blessed Virgin mary in Dublin. She entered the order of the Sister of Our Lady of Loreto when she was 18 years old. She was sent to Calcutta by the Sister of Loreto and she became a Geography teacher in a school in Calcutta. While travelling on a train on September 10, 1946, she heard the cries of some sick and helpless people, which inspired her to help the poor. This experience she described as a “call within a call” to help the desperately poor of India.